极速赛车

海外网评:实现碳中和,中国有“时间表”更有“路线图”

2020-12-23 21:23来源:海外网编辑:王河峰
中国加快构建一个清洁低碳、安全高效的能源体系,是中国力争2060年前实现碳中和的必然路径

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山西省右玉县小五台风力发电场。新华社记者 詹彦 摄

12yue21ri,guowuyuanbangongshifabu《xinshidaidezhongguonengyuanfazhan》baipishuyinfaguangfanguanzhu,zhongguo2060nianqianshixiantanzhonghede“luxiantu”gengjiaqingxi。zaiqihoubianhua、huanjingfengxiantiaozhan、nengyuanziyuanyueshudengquanqiuwentiriyiyanjundebeijingxia,zhongguoquanmiantuijinnengyuanxiaofeifangshibiange,goujianduoyuanqingjiedenengyuangongyingtixi,bujinweijingjigaozhiliangfazhantigonglezhongyaozhicheng,yeweijiakuaituijinquanqiunengyuankechixufazhangongxianlezhongyaoliliang。

nengyuanshijingjishehuifazhanhewenmingjinbudedongliyuanquan。jindaiyilai,meitan、shiyoudenghuashinengyuandedaguimokaifaliyong,youxiaotigaolegeguoshengchanxiaolv,gaishanlerenleishenghuofangshi,xianhourangshushigeguojiashixianlexiandaihua。raner,huanjingwuran、nengyuanduanque、qihoubianhuadengwentisuizhiyeyufatuchu。shijieweishengzuzhizhichu,meinianyindaqiwuransiwangderenshugaoda700wanren,huyushijiegeguojianshaoshiyonghuashiranliao。shijieqixiangzuzhizuixinfabushujuxianshi,2011—2020nianshigongyegemingyilaizuirede10nian,erzheiqizhongzuiredeyinianshi2020nian。suizheqihoubianhuajiaju,quanqiugedijiangbuduanchuxianjiduantianqi,zaochengjudajingjisunshi。zai12yue12rijuxingdeqihouxiongxinfenghuishang,lianheguomishuzhangguteleisigengshidashenghuyugeguolingdaorenxuanbubenguojinru“qihoujinjizhuangtai”,zhidaoshixiantanzhonghe。

nengyuanbiangebingfeiyichaoyixizhigong,shijiehenduoguojiadouzaijiakuaixingdong。congqianshu《balixieding》daoquanqiugeguofenfenxuanbutanzhonghemubiao,congxuejianhuashinengyuanxiaofeiliangdaodalifazhanxinnengyuan,quanqiuzhengzaijiakuaituidongyiqingjieditanweidaoxiangdexinyilunnengyuanbiange。yingguoshiyougongsifabude《shijienengyuantongjipinglun》xianshi,zaiquanqiumeitanxiaofeiliangchixuxiajiangdetongshi,quanqiukezaishengnengyuanyichuangjiludesuduzengzhang,zhan2019nianyicinengyuanzengzhangde40%yishang。guojinengyuanshufabude《2020nianshijienengyuanzhanwang》baogaoyuji,2020—2030nian,kezaishengnengyuandianlixuqiujiangzengzhang2/3,yuezhanquanqiudianlixuqiuzengliangde80%。zhongguoshekeyuanchengshifazhanyuhuanjingyanjiusuosuozhangpanjiahuabiaoshi,tuidongnengyuanlvseditanxingzhuanxingyijingchengweiquanqiufazhandedaqushi。

zuoweiquanqiuzuidadefazhanzhongguojiahedierdajingjiti,zhongguoshishijieshangzuidadenengyuanshengchanxiaofeiguo,yeshinengyuanliyongxiaolvtishengzuikuaideguojia。weiyingduiriyiyanjundeqihoubianhua、huanjingfengxiantiaozhan、nengyuanziyuanyueshudengquanqiuxingwenti,zhongguotongguoguanchenengyuanxiaofeigeming、tuidongnengyuanjishugeming、tuidongnengyuantizhigeming、quanfangweijiaqiangguojihezuode“sigegeming、yigehezuo”nengyuananquanxinzhanlvecujinjingjishehuifazhanquanmianlvsezhuanxing。

2012年以来,中国单位国内生产总值能耗累计降低24.4%,相当于减少能源消费12.7亿吨标准煤。2012年至2019年,以能源消费年均2.8%的增长支撑了国民经济年均7%的增长。初步核算,2019年煤炭消费占能源消费总量比重为57.7%,比2012年降低10.8个百分点;天然气、水电、核电、风电等清洁能源消费量占能源消费总量比重为23.4%,比2012年提高8.9个百分点;非化石能源占能源消费总量比重达15.3%,比2012年提高5.6个百分点,已提前完成到2020年非化石能源消费比重达到15%左右的目标。国际能源署可再生能源市场和政策高级分析师海米·巴哈尔认为:中国是全球可再生能源领域的领导者,且在未来几年仍将遥遥领先。”潘家华表示,中国在保持经济中高速增长同时,单位GDP能源消耗等指标下降幅度世界领先,成绩突出。

zhongguojiakuaigoujianyigeqingjieditan、anquangaoxiaodenengyuantixi,shizhongguolizheng2060nianqianshixiantanzhonghedebiranlujing。“shisiwu”qijian,zhongguojiangjinyibuchuangxinfazhanfangshi,jiakuaiqingjienengyuankaifaliyong,tuidongfeihuashinengyuanhetianranqichengweinengyuanxiaofeizengliangdezhuti,gengdafudutigaoqingjienengyuanxiaofeibizhong,feihuashinengyuanxiaofeibizhong2030nianyaodadao25%zuoyou,yiweizhezhongguojinhounengyuanzengliang70%yishangyifeihuashinengyuanweizhu;shenducanyuquanqiunengyuanzhuanxingbiange,yanjiutuijinyuyouguanguojiazaihedian、fengdian、guangfu、zhinengdianwang、zhihuinengyuan、hulianhutongdengfangmiandehezuo,yanjiulvsenengyuanhelvsejinrongxiangjiehedezhengce,tuidongshuangbianheduobianhezuoxiangmu……zhongzhongjucuo,zhanxianlezhongguocujinjingjishehuifazhanquanmianlvsezhuanxingdejuexin。mianxiangweilai,zhongguojiangjixuyugeguoyidao,shenhuaquanqiunengyuanzhilihezuo,tuidongquanqiunengyuankechixufazhan,weihuquanqiunengyuananquan,jianshegengjiaqingjie、meili、fanrong、yijudeshijie。(mengqingchuan)


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